Shri Ranjit Kapoor was born in 1948 at Sihor, Madhya Pradesh, and was groomed in the theatrical arts under his father Madan Lal Kapoor who ran a theatre company performing all over northern India. For twenty years, Shri Ranjit Kapoor travelled extensively with the company as it performed in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and even as far as Goa. In 1973 Shri Kapoor joined the National School of Drama, where he specialized in direction, winning the Best Director Award when he qualified for his diploma in 1976. He worked with NSD’s Reper- tory Company for a few years, directing plays such as Begum ka Takia and Mukhya Mantri, and left the Repertory in 1979 in order to work independently.
Shri Kapoor has since won a reputation for himself as a director with productions of plays such as Bichhu, Kaua Chala Hans ki Chal, Sher Afghan, Ek Ghoda Chheh Sawar, Bakri, Khubsurat Bahu, Chandi ka Joota, Pair Tale ki Zamin, Ras Gandharva, Maya Jaal, Court Martial, and The Janpath Kiss.
Shri Ranjit Kapoor is well known also as a translator and adaptor of plays, and an actor and a writer of screenplays. He has directed a number of television serials including Basanti, Ameer Khasrau, Chekhov ki Duniya, and Face in the Crowd. He has written dialogues for popular films such as Jane Bhi Do Yaron, Mohan Joshi Hazir Ho, Woh Sat Din, and Bandit Queen, as well as screenplays for Ek Ruka Hua Faisla, Khamosh, Lajja, The Legend of Bhagat Singh, Mangal Pandey and other films. He has also written songs and composed music for several films. He is a recipient of the Sahitya Kala Parishad Samman of Delhi (1991-92), Shikhar Samman conferred by the Government of Madhya Pradesh (1999), and the Sansui Screen Award for the dialogue of The Legend of Bhagat Singh (2002).
Shri Ranjit Kapoor receives the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for his contribution to Indian theatre as a director.