Born on 3 March 1931 in Badaun, Uttar Pradesh, in a family of musicians of the Rampur-Sahaswan
and Gwalior gharanas, Shri Ghulam Mustafa Waris Khan received his training in Hindustani Vocal
Music from his father Waris Hussain Khan and later under Fida Hussain Khan and Nisar Hussain
Khan. He also received guidance regarding ancient jatigayan from Acharya K.C.D. Brahaspati.
Founder of the Sarang Academy of Indian Music, Shri Ghulam Mustafa Khan has performed extensively in various prestigious music festivals in India and abroad. He has also distinguished himself as an eminent guru and has trained a number of students. His disciples include Shrimati Asha Bhosale, Shri Manna Dey, Shrimati Geeta Dutt Roy, Shri Hariharan, Shri Sonu Nigam, Shri Qadir Mustafa, and Shri Murtuza Mustafa among others. In the field of popular music, Shri Ghulam Mustafa Khan has sung as a playback singer in a number of films including Umrao Jan, Noor Jahan, Badnam Basti, and Bhuwan Shome. More than seventy documentary films have also carried his music. He was the legendary musician Baiju Bawra in the German film Rain Maker.
Shri Ghulam Mustafa Khan has received numerous titles and awards from many prestigious institutions including the Tansen Samman by the Government of Madhya Pradesh, the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, and the Padma Shri and Padma Bhushan from the Government of India.
Shri Ghulam Mustafa Waris Khan is elected Tagore Fellow of Sangeet Natak Akademi for his contribution to Indian music.